The most commonly abused drugs include a combination of prescription and non-prescription drugs, including alcohol, heroin, benzodiazepines, and household inhalants. All the drugs share common characteristics, including mood-altering properties, physical and mental dependency and withdrawal symptoms. Treatment for addiction to these drugs requires a holistic approach like the medication-assisted treatment program Carbondale IL offers.
Most Commonly Abused Drugs
The most commonly abused drugs include the following:
Alcohol-Alcohol reigns supreme because it is cheap, legal and socially acceptable. Alcohol produces a sense of calm and heightened self-confidence. Long term abuse can lead to brain and liver damage.
Marijuana-Marijuana comes from the cannabis plant. Cannabinoids induce a sense of relaxation. The effect of marijuana can vary greatly depending on the individual and the circumstances.
Pain Relievers-Prescription drugs are the most abused drugs in this group. It includes drugs such as morphine and codeine, often prescribed for pain after an injury or operation. They also induce a feeling of intense excitement or euphoria.
Cocaine-Cocaine is a stimulant that induces a short-lived, intense high, followed by intense depression, edginess and a craving for more.
Depressants-Depressants include drugs such as Valium and Xanax. Like pain relievers, people often begin taking this drug as a prescription for anxiety or sleep disorders. They induce a feeling of calm and tranquility.
Heroin-Heroin is an opioid derived from the poppy plant. It induces an intensely pleasurable sensation or rush.
Hallucinogens-This group includes drugs such as LSD or Ecstasy, which induce a sense of euphoria, but also cause visual and auditory hallucinations.
Inhalants-These includes common household chemicals such as glue or paint thinner. Inhalants can cause a sense of euphoria and hallucinations but can also cause brain damage, heart damage, and respiratory failure.
Dangers of Drug Abuse
All the drugs that are most commonly abused differ in their effects, but they are all physically and emotionally addictive. Long term abuse leads to changes in the chemistry of the brain and the body, often producing side effects such as loss of coordination, rapid heart rate and high blood pressure, liver damage and other maladies. Without the drug, withdrawal symptoms are often severe and, in some cases, deadly.
Alcohol withdrawal symptoms, for example, include tremors, sweating and in severe cases delirium tremens, a potentially deadly syndrome which involves confusion, hallucinogens, and rapid heartbeat.
Treatment for Drug Abuse
Addiction to the most commonly abused drugs differs in severity. However, all of them may require a treatment regimen involving medication and psychological treatment to handle the withdrawal symptoms and achieve long term sobriety. A few programs you may want to check out are:
Gateway Foundation Carbondale has over 50 years of experience in drug abuse treatment. We offer a medication-assisted treatment program for the most commonly abused drugs, designed to help patients transition through withdrawal as well as psychological therapy to deal with the underlying issues leading to dependency. Give us a call today at 618.529.1151, if you or someone you love is ready to escape the nightmare of addiction.